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Discipline Policies, Successful Schools, and Racial Justice

Losen, D. J.
National Education Policy Center
University of Colorado Boulder
Date Published: 
October, 2011

This policy brief reviews what researchers have learned about racial disparities in school discipline, including trends over time and how these disparities further break down along lines of gender and disability status. The brief explores the impact that school suspension has on children and their families. As part of the disparate impact analysis, the brief examines whether frequent disciplinary exclusion from school is educationally justifiable and whether other discipline policies and practices might better promote a safe and orderly learning environment while generating significantly less racial disparity. 

Download a copy of Discipline Policies, Successful Schools, and Racial Justice (PDF, 1.2 MB) from the National Education Policy Center Web site.